The 17th edition of Medical Knowledge Self-Assessment Program (MKSAP® 17) is specifically intended for physicians who provide personal, nonsurgical care to adults. Included are: general internists and primary care physicians; subspecialists who need to remain up-to-date in internal medicine; residents preparing for the Certification Exam in internal medicine; physicians preparing for the Maintenance of Certification Exam in internal medicine. The learning objectives of MKSAP® 17 are to: Close gaps between actual care in your practice and preferred standards of care, based on best evidence. Diagnose disease states that are less common and sometimes overlooked and confusing. Improve management of comorbid conditions that can complicate patient care. Determine when to refer patients for surgery or care by subspecialists. Pass the ABIM Certification Examination and the ABIM Maintenance of Certification Examination. MKSAP® 17 Cardiovascular Medicine is a review of epidemiology of cardiovascular disease, diagnostic testing on cardiology, coronary artery disease, heart failure, myocardial disease, arrhythmias, pericardial disease, valvular heart disease, adult congenital heart disease, diseases of the aorta, peripheral arterial disease, cardiovascular disease in the cancer survivor, and cardiovascular disease in pregnancy. It includes 120 multiple-choice questions.